Software Supply Chain Implications for Zero Trust

How zero trust affects the software supply chain?

Zero Trust (ZT) has been the source of hope and confusion for many organizations looking to improve and modernize their security program. 

It is not a new concept, but President Biden’s 2021 Executive Order has recently highlighted it. The order cites Zero Trust, Software Supply Chains, and SBOM as critical pieces toward better securing American institutions and people against cyber attacks.

There is wide agreement that ZT concepts lead in a positive direction toward better security. Implementing it requires fundamental changes and raises questions: How does it really work? How do I apply it? What are its implications?

In this webinar,  Jerry Hoff and Julius Musseau break down Zero Trust’s fundamental concepts and resources. Also, they looked at Zero Trust’s implications for Applications, SBOM and Software Supply Chains.


Webinar Highlights


Zero trust (ZT) is the term for an evolving set of cybersecurity paradigms that move defenses from static, network-based perimeters to focus on users, assets, and resources.


ZT provides a collection of concepts and ideas designed to minimize uncertainty in enforcing accurate, least privileged per-request access decisions in information systems and services in the face of a network viewed as compromised.

Zero trust architecture (ZTA) is an enterprise’s cybersecurity plan that utilizes zero trust concepts and encompasses component relationships, workflow planning, and access policies. Therefore, a ZT enterprise is the network infrastructure (physical and virtual) and operational policies that are in place for an enterprise as a product of a zero trust architecture plan.

Core Zero Trust Logical Components

Zero Trust | Mergebase

Source: NIST

Core Zero Trust Logical Components

Key components of Zero Trust include:

  • Strong Authentication / Identity is paramount
  • Identity based access control for all connections
  • Encryption on all connections
  • Consistent application of security rules
  • Cloud and on prem workloads
  • Remote and on prem workers
  • Device Control / Inspection
  • Deliberate access granting / strong governance
  • Enriched monitoring

Base Pillars to build ZT

High-Level Zero Trust Maturity Model

Zero Trust | Mergebase

Source: CISA

High-Level ZT Maturity Model

High-Level Zero Trust Maturity Model

Zero Trust | Mergebase

Source: CISA

Zero Trust’s implementation can be evaluated using a high-level maturity model, comprising the following stages:

  • Need for unified, centralized, overarching authentication
  • Need for centralized authorization & decision-making capabilities
  • Need for device information
  • Updated SOC capabilities (EDR)
  • Updated Training for Staff (design, implementation, deployment, production)
  • Internal delegation (who oversees centralized auth, authz, etc…)
  • Policy design, update, implementation (who ?)
  • Updated Governance (Many more decisions)

Implications for Application Security

  • Identity
  • Internally facing / externally facing paradigm breaking down
  • Secure connections
  • ZT is getting grouped together with new appsec regulations.

Exploring Zero Trust Security and Leveraging Mergebase for Enhanced Cybersecurity

To enhance the Zero Trust approach, organizations can leverage the Mergebase Software Composition Analysis (SCA) tool. Mergebase SCA enables comprehensive scanning and analysis of software components used in applications and systems. By identifying vulnerabilities and risks associated with third-party and open-source software, Mergebase SCA helps organizations mitigate potential security threats and ensure the integrity of their software supply chains. Integrating Mergebase SCA into the Zero Trust framework enhances the overall security posture and reduces the attack surface of the organization’s applications and systems.


Zero trust security is an emerging cybersecurity paradigm that enables businesses to protect their data and resources by verifying the identities of all users, devices, and applications before they’re given access. In other words, with zero trust security, there are no trusted networks or users—everyone is treated the same, regardless of their past behaviour.

###Ready to enhance your software security with Mergebase SCA?

Try it today and experience the benefits of comprehensive software composition analysis.

Oscar van der Meer

About the Author

Oscar van der Meer

Inspiring leadership and innovative technology expertise in Digital, Payments, Finance and Artificial Intelligence.