Top Vulnerabilities

These are some of the top open source vulnerabilities around. They are responsible not only for some of the worst data breaches in history but vulnerabilities like these are routinely being exploited.

CVEDescription
CVE-2021-20190A flaw was found in jackson-databind before 2.9.10.7. FasterXML mishandles the interaction between serialization gadgets and typing. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data confidentiality and integrity as well as system availability.
CVE-2020-8840FasterXML jackson-databind 2.0.0 through 2.9.10.2 lacks certain xbean-reflect/JNDI blocking, as demonstrated by org.apache.xbean.propertyeditor.JndiConverter.
CVE-2019-20330FasterXML jackson-databind 2.x before 2.9.10.2 lacks certain net.sf.ehcache blocking.
CVE-2018-14721FasterXML jackson-databind 2.x before 2.9.7 might allow remote attackers to conduct server-side request forgery (SSRF) attacks by leveraging failure to block the axis2-jaxws class from polymorphic deserialization.
CVE-2020-35489The contact-form-7 (aka Contact Form 7) plugin before 5.3.2 for WordPress allows Unrestricted File Upload and remote code execution because a filename may contain special characters.
CVE-2021-44228Apache Log4j2 2.0-beta9 through 2.15.0 (excluding security releases 2.12.2, 2.12.3, and 2.3.1) JNDI features used in configuration, log messages, and parameters do not protect against attacker controlled LDAP and other JNDI related endpoints. An attacker who can control log messages or log message parameters can execute arbitrary code loaded from LDAP servers when message lookup substitution is enabled. From log4j 2.15.0, this behavior has been disabled by default. From version 2.16.0 (along with 2.12.2, 2.12.3, and 2.3.1), this functionality has been completely removed. Note that this vulnerability is specific to log4j-core and does not affect log4net, log4cxx, or other Apache Logging Services projects.
CVE-2017-5638The Jakarta Multipart parser in Apache Struts 2 2.3.x before 2.3.32 and 2.5.x before 2.5.10.1 has incorrect exception handling and error-message generation during file-upload attempts, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted Content-Type, Content-Disposition, or Content-Length HTTP header, as exploited in the wild in March 2017 with a Content-Type header containing a #cmd= string.
CVE-2019-18935Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX through 2019.3.1023 contains a .NET deserialization vulnerability in the RadAsyncUpload function. This is exploitable when the encryption keys are known due to the presence of CVE-2017-11317 or CVE-2017-11357, or other means. Exploitation can result in remote code execution. (As of 2020.1.114, a default setting prevents the exploit. In 2019.3.1023, but not earlier versions, a non-default setting can prevent exploitation.)
CVE-2018-7600Drupal before 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code because of an issue affecting multiple subsystems with default or common module configurations.
CVE-2012-0391The ExceptionDelegator component in Apache Struts before 2.2.3.1 interprets parameter values as OGNL expressions during certain exception handling for mismatched data types of properties, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code via a crafted parameter.
CVE-2020-11975Apache Unomi allows conditions to use OGNL scripting which offers the possibility to call static Java classes from the JDK that could execute code with the permission level of the running Java process.
CVE-2017-15708In Apache Synapse, by default no authentication is required for Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI). So Apache Synapse 3.0.1 or all previous releases (3.0.0, 2.1.0, 2.0.0, 1.2, 1.1.2, 1.1.1) allows remote code execution attacks that can be performed by injecting specially crafted serialized objects. And the presence of Apache Commons Collections 3.2.1 (commons-collections-3.2.1.jar) or previous versions in Synapse distribution makes this exploitable. To mitigate the issue, we need to limit RMI access to trusted users only. Further upgrading to 3.0.1 version will eliminate the risk of having said Commons Collection version. In Synapse 3.0.1, Commons Collection has been updated to 3.2.2 version.
CVE-2015-7501Red Hat JBoss A-MQ 6.x; BPM Suite (BPMS) 6.x; BRMS 6.x and 5.x; Data Grid (JDG) 6.x; Data Virtualization (JDV) 6.x and 5.x; Enterprise Application Platform 6.x, 5.x, and 4.3.x; Fuse 6.x; Fuse Service Works (FSW) 6.x; Operations Network (JBoss ON) 3.x; Portal 6.x; SOA Platform (SOA-P) 5.x; Web Server (JWS) 3.x; Red Hat OpenShift/xPAAS 3.x; and Red Hat Subscription Asset Manager 1.3 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object, related to the Apache Commons Collections (ACC) library.
CVE-2016-1000031Apache Commons FileUpload before 1.3.3 DiskFileItem File Manipulation Remote Code Execution
CVE-2018-20062An issue was discovered in NoneCms V1.3. thinkphp/library/think/App.php allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary PHP code via crafted use of the filter parameter, as demonstrated by the s=index/\think\Request/input&filter=phpinfo&data=1 query string.
CVE-2018-11776Apache Struts versions 2.3 to 2.3.34 and 2.5 to 2.5.16 suffer from possible Remote Code Execution when alwaysSelectFullNamespace is true (either by user or a plugin like Convention Plugin) and then: results are used with no namespace and in same time, its upper package have no or wildcard namespace and similar to results, same possibility when using url tag which doesn’t have value and action set and in same time, its upper package have no or wildcard namespace.
CVE-2017-0256A spoofing vulnerability exists when the ASP.NET Core fails to properly sanitize web requests.
CVE-2017-0249An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the ASP.NET Core fails to properly sanitize web requests.
CVE-2017-0247A denial of service vulnerability exists when the ASP.NET Core fails to properly validate web requests. NOTE: Microsoft has not commented on third-party claims that the issue is that the TextEncoder.EncodeCore function in the System.Text.Encodings.Web package in ASP.NET Core Mvc before 1.0.4 and 1.1.x before 1.1.3 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service by leveraging failure to properly calculate the length of 4-byte characters in the Unicode Non-Character range.
CVE-2018-8409A denial of service vulnerability exists when System.IO.Pipelines improperly handles requests, aka “System.IO.Pipelines Denial of Service.” This affects .NET Core 2.1, System.IO.Pipelines, ASP.NET Core 2.1.
CVE-2021-1723ASP.NET Core and Visual Studio Denial of Service Vulnerability
CVE-2018-0787ASP.NET Core 1.0. 1.1, and 2.0 allow an elevation of privilege vulnerability due to how web applications that are created from templates validate web requests, aka “ASP.NET Core Elevation Of Privilege Vulnerability”.
CVE-2019-0564A denial of service vulnerability exists when ASP.NET Core improperly handles web requests, aka “ASP.NET Core Denial of Service Vulnerability.” This affects ASP.NET Core 2.1. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2019-0548.
CVE-2019-0548A denial of service vulnerability exists when ASP.NET Core improperly handles web requests, aka “ASP.NET Core Denial of Service Vulnerability.” This affects ASP.NET Core 2.2, ASP.NET Core 2.1. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2019-0564.
CVE-2018-8269A denial of service vulnerability exists when OData Library improperly handles web requests, aka “OData Denial of Service Vulnerability.” This affects Microsoft.Data.OData.
CVE-2021-26423.NET Core and Visual Studio Denial of Service Vulnerability
CVE-2021-31199Microsoft Enhanced Cryptographic Provider Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2021-31201.
CVE-2021-36938Windows Cryptographic Primitives Library Information Disclosure Vulnerability
CVE-2020-0601A spoofing vulnerability exists in the way Windows CryptoAPI (Crypt32.dll) validates Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) certificates.An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by using a spoofed code-signing certificate to sign a malicious executable, making it appear the file was from a trusted, legitimate source, aka ‘Windows CryptoAPI Spoofing Vulnerability’.
CVE-2007-6721The Legion of the Bouncy Castle Java Cryptography API before release 1.38, as used in Crypto Provider Package before 1.36, has unknown impact and remote attack vectors related to “a Bleichenbacher vulnerability in simple RSA CMS signatures without signed attributes.”
CVE-2021-28141** DISPUTED ** An issue was discovered in Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX 2021.1.224. It allows unauthorized access to MicrosoftAjax.js through the Telerik.Web.UI.WebResource.axd file. This may allow the attacker to gain unauthorized access to the server and execute code. To exploit, one must use the parameter _TSM_HiddenField_ and inject a command at the end of the URI. NOTE: the vendor states that this is not a vulnerability. The request’s output does not indicate that a “true” command was executed on the server, and the request’s output does not leak any private source code or data from the server.
CVE-2019-19790Path traversal in RadChart in Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX allows a remote attacker to read and delete an image with extension .BMP, .EXIF, .GIF, .ICON, .JPEG, .PNG, .TIFF, or .WMF on the server through a specially crafted request. NOTE: RadChart was discontinued in 2014 in favor of RadHtmlChart. All RadChart versions were affected. To avoid this vulnerability, you must remove RadChart’s HTTP handler from a web.config (its type is Telerik.Web.UI.ChartHttpHandler).
CVE-2017-9248Telerik.Web.UI.dll in Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX before R2 2017 SP1 and Sitefinity before 10.0.6412.0 does not properly protect Telerik.Web.UI.DialogParametersEncryptionKey or the MachineKey, which makes it easier for remote attackers to defeat cryptographic protection mechanisms, leading to a MachineKey leak, arbitrary file uploads or downloads, XSS, or ASP.NET ViewState compromise.
CVE-2017-11317Telerik.Web.UI in Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX before R1 2017 and R2 before R2 2017 SP2 uses weak RadAsyncUpload encryption, which allows remote attackers to perform arbitrary file uploads or execute arbitrary code.
CVE-2017-11357Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX before R2 2017 SP2 does not properly restrict user input to RadAsyncUpload, which allows remote attackers to perform arbitrary file uploads or execute arbitrary code.
CVE-2020-28052An issue was discovered in Legion of the Bouncy Castle BC Java 1.65 and 1.66. The OpenBSDBCrypt.checkPassword utility method compared incorrect data when checking the password, allowing incorrect passwords to indicate they were matching with previously hashed ones that were different.
CVE-2018-5382The default BKS keystore use an HMAC that is only 16 bits long, which can allow an attacker to compromise the integrity of a BKS keystore. Bouncy Castle release 1.47 changes the BKS format to a format which uses a 160 bit HMAC instead. This applies to any BKS keystore generated prior to BC 1.47. For situations where people need to create the files for legacy reasons a specific keystore type “BKS-V1” was introduced in 1.49. It should be noted that the use of “BKS-V1” is discouraged by the library authors and should only be used where it is otherwise safe to do so, as in where the use of a 16 bit checksum for the file integrity check is not going to cause a security issue in itself.
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